Exhibiting A Rich Historical Inheritance To Convey A Message Of Peace
Turkish Pavillion at Hannover is a subtly structured synthesis of wood, steel and glass referring to the harmonious coexistence of man, nature and technology. Extending across an area of 1,943 squaremeters, the Turkish Pavillion at EXPO 2000 represents a combination of the warm texture of wood, the transparency of glass and brilliance of steel, symbolising the past and present of the Anatolian peninsula as well as the prospects it holds. The 60 m*21 m*13 m pavillion was designed as a concept exhibiton conveying a message of peace from Asia Minor, the homeland of numerous civilisations, to present day. The message is for a sustainable civilisation based on humankind’s common past and insired by the harmonious coexistence of man, nature and technology. With this Pavillion Turkey, representing a synthesis of diverse cultural legacies, suggests a new paradigma for present day in search of a new approach in building up a harmonious future. Not only the material used but also arrangement of different elements is a metaphoric expression of what Turkey represents in the continuity of past and present.
The Exhibition: a Refrence to Ancient Civilizations, Our Rootes in The Past
The concept of the Exhibition is communicated through the stylisation of the mythological, cosmological, historical and cultural universe in the huge tomb sanctuary, the hierothesion, built by Antiochus I, King of Commagene on Mount Nemrut. The messages given by means of several platforms, each symbolising the diverse historical origins of the common Anatolian Culture and contributing to the conceptial integrity of the Pavillion. The İznik Panel at the entrance for example, dispalce a beautiful combination İznik Ceramics, one of the main elements of Ottoman aesthetics while the Cosmic Equater is made up of 24 reliefs telling the story of different civilizations inhabiting the Asia Minor since paleolithic age.
Greeting platform consisting of four reliefs, replicas of the originals on the Mount Nemrut. The reliefs illustrate Antioshus greeting Herakles-Artagnes, Zeus-Oromastes, Commagene-Tyche and Apollo-Mithras. The hand shake (dexiosis) scene symbolises the universal grreting of all huminity, the meeting of the East and the West. In the center of the Sphere in the middle of the Exhibiton Hall is the Lion Horoscope with planets Jupiter, Mercury and Mars as well as a crescent carved on its breast, the crescent symbolising Antiochus’ country. The combination of the planetary signes indicates the date 7 July 62 B.C. marking the foundation of the monument on the Mount Nemrut. The tree of life, in the platform “The Life”, which has its rootes in the Ancient Anatolian Culture as well as the Christian Tradition, being referred to in the Old Testament, symbolises both the Anatolian Tradition of peaceful coexistence and the hope for a sustainable environment.
A creative Architectural Design
The architectural design of the building itself is also expensive of the country’s unique characteristics. The pools encircling the building refers to the Anatolian peninsula surrounded by seas of the three sides based a steel construction technique the main element of the building is glass. In front of the glass facade is the wooden lattice, a typical component of the traditional Turkish Architecture, is torn apart to reveal the wooden bridge across the land of the building indicating tha country’s unique geographical position connecting the East and the West and the continuity of its rich cultural heritage, a collective outcome of numerous civilisations which made Asia Minor their home throuhout the centuries.
High-Tech to shed light on the enigmatic past
The figured and the objects on the exhition platforms making direct refrences to the Anatolian Civilizationas and the Nemrut universe are explained in detail through the images reflected by plasma screens. Another high-tech means of communication is the striking 3-D multivision show illustrating the legendry story of Mount nemrut.
A contemporary touch: İlhan Koman’s sculptures
The Pavillion also includes an Exhibiton of works by İlhan Koman, a contemporary Turkish sculpture, who died in 1986. A replica of his famous work “ The Meditarranean “ is located at the center of the Meditarranean Hall of the Pavillion. The woman figure with arms wide open is a “ goddes made of waves “, as Koman put it, and stylised expression of the fusion of God, nature and human into one.