After the empire was disintegrated and the Allies invaded the lands of the Ottoman empire in line with the Sevres Agreement, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was the one who started the resistance and organized the fight against the Allied powers. He initiated the struggle in 19 May 1919 by integrating the dispersed powers in Anatolia. His personality both as a soldier and as a leader, gave moral power to the Turkish people to defeat the invaders.
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They fought and defeated French, British, Italian and Greek armies after numerous wars. In 1922 the Turkish people were dominant in Anatolia. Surprisingly, during war time Turkish people under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk rejected the sultanate and established the first Turkish National Assembly in 23 April 1920 and based its legal entity on a strong foundation.
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During the war of independence all decisions were taken by this entity. In 24 July 1923 with the Lausanne Treaty, Turkey’s frontiers were defined. On 23rd October 1923, the Turkish State became a republic. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk started another fight against the remaining institutions of the empire. The detrimental effects of previous situation had to be removed and the establishment of modern institutions had to be achieved immediately.
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Ataturk applied radical reforms in order to change the face of the country. Furthermore, he wanted to show the mosaic structure of the Anatolian civilizations and traditions of millennia reflected in the characters of the Turkish citizens. That is to say that every individual who is born on this land is bequeathed with reach cultural values and deserves a high level of respect.