The Hittites were Indo-European people and they came Anatolia from the northern part of the Black Sea where they followed the way down to Kizilirmak-Halys in the Bronze Age. Contrary to what had been believed, the Hittites were not of the Hattites, instead Hittites overwhelmed the Hattites in the 18th century BC.The Hittites established their sovereignty just after extending their lands towards the southernpart of Halys. This was the reason why they changed their capital from Alacahoyuk to Bogazkoy -Hattusas.
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Relief of war chariot, kargamish, one of the most important city states in southern anatolia during the late hittite periad, founded between 1200-700 b.c , this one is dates to 9 century b.c.
The reign of Shuppiluliuma was a sparkling era of the Hittites where the lands of the Emperor stretched from Izmir in the west, Cilicia and Kadesh in the south and the fields of Mitanni in the east (1340 BC). Their dominance weakened because of the strong Assyria State. The impetus for the fall of the Hittites was the times when “sea peoples” from various Greek islands and city states were driven from their homelands and migrated to Anatolia from the Aegean coast due to Dorian attacks(1193 BC).
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The kadesh treaty, baked clay tablet inscribed with the text of a treaty made between the hittites and egypt in 1279 b.c, found at hattutash, the hittite capital, in hittite cuneiform, this ismportant treaty is offical language of the period istanbul arch. museum.
Cuneiform inscriptions of the Hittites give archeologists important hints about their political life, social and economic circumstances and their religious beliefs. Mines rich in natural resources gave rise to the use of iron which, in return, initiated the Iron Age. Ironwork ornaments, implements and gold jewels are exhibited in the large halls of the Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ankara. The ruins found in Bogazkoy and the reliefs in Yazilikaya, Gavurkale and Ivriz Kaya reveal principal extant works of the Hittite art and architecture.
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Hittite, vessels sasun, tokat, early hittite period 16c b.c., red clay, burnished, both this and the ringvase beside it were used for ceremonical purposes, istanbul arch. museum.
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Ivriz rock monument, eregli, konya, late hittite period, second half of the 8 century b.c., this relief shows king warpalawas worshipping the god of fertility, tarhu, who holds ears of wheat in one hand and bunches of grapes in the other. the short-skirted god wears a crest in the form of a pair of horns- the symbol of deity, the figure of the king, which is considerably smaller than that of deity, is elaborately dressed, and appears in a worshipping stance.
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A relief of a God on a deer. Yeniköy (Çorum). 14-13. BC height: 6 cm Anatolian Civilizations Museum Ankara
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Eflatunpinar monument, eflatunpinar, 22 km north of beysehir, konya, built of monumental blocks of stone, represent two deities, one male in relief in the centre, flanked by demons holding the sun disc
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