Anatolian Civilizations

Earliest Times

Çatalhöyük (7000-6500, BC) is probably one of the oldest and the biggest Neolithic "city" ever known. This city is remarkable is not only because of…

The Hittites

The Hittites were Indo-European people and they came Anatolia from the northern part of the Black Sea where they followed the way down to Kizilirmak-Halys…

The Phrigians

After the fall of the Hittite State and between the centuries 12th and 7th centuries BC, Phrygians, who, (by the old greek philosophers) were thought…

The Lydians

It can not be said with certainty when the Lydians came and settled in Anatolia but we do know that their language was an Indo-European…

The Urartians

It can be argued that the Hurrians are the ancestors of Urartians since they flourished on the remnants of the Hurrian civilization. Lake Van was…

The Macedonian Kingdom

One of the most famous personalities of history, Alexander The Great, invaded the lands starting from Greece and stretching as far as India. During his…

Ancient Cities

Cappadocia

Cappadocia is a historical region in Central Anatolia, largely in the Nevşehir, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Aksaray, and Niğde Provinces in Turkey. According to Herodotus, in the…

Constantinople

Constantinople (Istanbul) was the capital city of the Byzantine Empire and the later Ottoman empires. It was reinaugurated in 324 AD from ancient Byzantium as…

Mount Nemrut

Nemrut or Nemrud is a 2,134-metre-high (7,001 ft) mountain in southeastern Turkey, notable for the summit where a number of large statues are erected around…

Ephesus

Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometres southwest of present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province, Turkey. It was built in…